G7 based companies and investors cheated Africa out of an estimated $US 6 billion in 2010 through just one form of tax dodging, according to a new Oxfam report ‘Money talks: Africa at the G7’, released today. This is equivalent to three times the amount needed to plug the healthcare funding gap in Ebola affected countries of Sierra Leone, Liberia, Guinea and Guinea Bissau.
Oxfam’s findings come as G7 leaders prepare to meet their African counterparts at their annual summit in Germany. Discussions will focus on how the G7 can support economic growth and sustainable development on the continent. Reforming global corporate tax rules so that African governments can claim the money owed to them is critical if Africa is to tackle extreme poverty and inequality, and continue its economic rise.
Julie Delahanty, Executive Director of Oxfam Canada, said, “Africa has seen impressive growth over the past decade, yet high levels of inequality across the continent stop people from lifting themselves out of poverty. Women are hit hardest. In sub-Saharan Africa women earn less than men and continue to have limited access to resources – such as land, water and credit – and services, including healthcare, education and support for small-scale farming.”
In 2010, the last year for which data is available, companies and investors based in G7 countries avoided paying tax on US$20billion of income through a practice called trade mispricing – where a company artificially sets the prices for goods or services sold between its subsidiaries to avoid taxation. With corporate tax rates averaging out at 28 percent in Africa this equates to nearly $US6 billion in lost tax revenues. Trade mispricing is just one of the ways multinational companies avoid paying their fair share of taxes. According to UNCTAD, developing countries as a whole lose an estimated US$100billion a year through another set of tax avoidance schemes involving tax havens.
Winnie Byanyima, Oxfam International’s Executive Director said: “Africa is haemorrhaging billions of dollars because multinational companies, many with headquarters in G7 countries, are cheating Africa out of vital tax revenues. If this tax revenue were invested in education and healthcare, societies and economies would further flourish across the continent.”
Oxfam is calling for G7 leaders to put action for ambitious tax reform on the summit agenda. The international agency is also calling for G7 leaders to attend, or send their Finance Ministers to, the Financing for Development Conference in Ethiopia, in July. The Addis conference will set out how the world will finance development for the next two decades and is an opportunity for governments to start developing a more democratic and fairer global tax system
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