The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) today opens its meeting in Berlin to finalize its landmark report on cutting global emissions. This comes just a week after it met in Japan, where governments acknowledged that climate change will have a bigger affect on food production than stated in the IPCC’s previous report seven years ago.
Oxfam says that every country must be part of the global effort to keep climate change under control but that this must be fair, based on responsibility and capability. Rich countries must make the deepest cuts and support poor countries so they can switch to low carbon development and adapt to worsening impacts. Emerging economies with growing responsibility and capabilities must step up their efforts to cut emissions. Also, since most of the world’s poorest people live in middle income countries, governments must make sure that, internally, cuts are born more fairly by the wealthy.
Every country must cut emissions
Oxfam’s Executive Director Winnie Byanyima said: “The impact of climate change on the world’s food supply is clear. The race is now on to cut emissions so that every country plays its fair part. Rich countries are responsible for most emissions and must lead the way in cutting emissions to levels that will avoid more hunger and suffering.”
Robert Fox, Oxfam Canada’s Executive Director, said: “Women are doubly disadvantaged by the disastrous impact of climate change on food production. They’ll see their lands alternately parched and flooded, losing crops, lives and livelihoods. And they’ll have to scramble to feed their families, ultimately paying more for food, adding to the pressure on their families and their health. That’s why it’s so important to support women as they press for action on climate change.”
The IPCC mitigation report is expected to state that it is still possible to keep warming below 2C but only if deeper cuts are made quickly. It is expected to assess ways to identify each country’s fair share in the global effort and to conclude that rich countries must cut emissions first and most. So far, rich countries have failed to make the cuts needed. The EU is currently considering cuts of 40 per cent below 1990 levels by 2030 – however this is not enough of its share to avoid warming of above 2C. Oxfam is calling on the EU to increase its cuts to at least 55 per cent.
Shift from fossil fuels
Oxfam is also calling for a shift from fossil fuels, which account for more than 80% of annual global carbon emissions, to low carbon alternatives that benefit the poorest. Oxfam also singles out food and beverage companies to cut emissions in their supply chains.
Without urgent action to cut greenhouse gas emissions, the effects of climate change will become more serious. It is estimated there could be 25 million more malnourished children under the age of five in 2050 compared to a world without climate change – the number of all under-fives in the US and Canada combined.
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