As world faces unprecedented famine threat, G7 should pay up and push for peace
Deadly famine is already affecting 100,000 people in parts of South Sudan and threatens to extend to Yemen, Somalia and northeast Nigeria. Widespread famine across all four countries is not yet inevitable, but G7 leaders need to act now with a massive injection of aid, backed with a forceful diplomatic push to bring an end to the long-standing conflicts that are driving this hunger crisis.
Prime Minister Trudeau and other G7 leaders meeting in Taormina, Sicily, this week should take the lead in fighting famine and immediately fund nearly half ($2.9 billion) of the UN’s urgent appeal to avoid catastrophic hunger and more deaths, urged Oxfam Canada today. Without an immediate and sweeping response, this crisis will spiral out of control.
Further delay will cost more lives.
“The world’s most powerful leaders have a responsibility to act now to prevent a catastrophe happening on their watch.” – Julie Delahanty
Julie Delahanty, Executive Director of Oxfam Canada, said: “Political failure has led to the hunger crisis facing millions of innocent people, and political leadership is needed to resolve it. The G7 summit in Taormina is a critical moment for Prime Minister Trudeau to provide the needed leadership in the face of an unprecedented crisis. The world’s most powerful leaders have a responsibility to act now to prevent a catastrophe happening on their watch.”
Oxfam’s latest report On the Brink, shows that if each G7 government contributed its fair share to the UN’s appeal for $6.3 billion for all four countries, this would raise almost half of the total required. Currently these UN appeals are still only 30 percent funded, and no G7 country has provided its fair share of funding for all four countries.
Delahanty said: “In a world of plenty we are facing an unprecedented famines in four countries, and life is becoming impossible for many as they face hunger, displacement and death. As is often the case in crises, women and children are the most at risk. Women face violence and rape on a daily basis as they take risks to search of food and water for their families.”
“We need to see a commitment for an immediate injection of aid from all G7 leaders, including to Oxfam and other responding organizations working directly with communities on the frontlines,” added Delahanty.
“At home, we are calling on Prime Minister Trudeau and Canada’s Minister of International Development Marie-Claude Bibeau to encourage the generosity of Canadians by matching their donations.”
“Putting additional money towards a matching relief fund – like Canada so memorably did in response tothe Syrian refugee crisis – would show others nations that we are leading by example.”
Conflict, arms trade and famine
In addition to funding the UN appeal, G7 leaders should press for immediate ceasefires and inclusive peace processes, as well as for safe access to places where aid agencies are having trouble reaching people in need. Conflict has driven millions of people from their homes and communities, cutting them off from their fields, jobs, food, and markets.
In Yemen, countries including G7 members continue to supply weapons, munitions, military equipment, technology, or logistical and financial support for military action that is in contravention of the rules of war. In South Sudan, three years of conflict have displaced more than 3.5 million people – including 2 million children. Women and girls continue to be at elevated risk of violence, including sexual violence and rape. Somalia also remains an active conflict where access is limited by Al Shabaab, as well as other parties involved in the conflict. Nigeria’s conflict has spread into neighboring Niger, Chad and Cameroon forcing 2.6 million people to flee and leaving nearly 11 million people in need of emergency aid.
Famine and hunger are also the glaring symptoms of larger challenges that include climate, migration and inequality – which must all be tackled together if progress is to be made.