21st century aid: Recognising success and tackling failure
Progress on the MDGs
- There are 33 million more children in the classroom, partly as a result of increased resources to developing country governments over the past decade from aid and debt relief.
- There has been a ten-fold increase in the coverage of antiretroviral treatment (ART) for HIV and AIDS over a five-year time span.
- In Zambia, there are more than 60 times more people on lifesaving ART.
- As recently as 2007, nine million children under the age of five died from largely preventable diseases.
- On current projections, MDG 4, which aims to reduce deaths of children under the age of five by two-thirds, will not be met until 2045.• Every year, 350,000 women and girls die as a result of complications due to child bearing – the vast majority of them in developing countries.
- In 2009 donors provided only a fraction more in aid (0.7%) keeping them way off track on their commitments
- 2009 saw aid levels falling from over half of the rich country OECD DAC members (Australia, Austria, Canada, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Japan, NL, NZ, Portugal, Spain)
- The shortfall of aid that has not been provided since 1970, when governments first committed to the 0.7 per cent figure, now amounts to over $3 trillion.
- In 2008, the only countries to reach or exceed the UN target were Denmark, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway, and Sweden.
- If governments had provided what they committed to in 1970, extreme poverty (at 2005 levels) could now have been ended 22 times over.
- On current trends, donors will not hit 0.7 per cent until 2050.
- Without vast increases in the aid being provided currently, Germany will not reach 0.7 per cent before 2027, and the USA until around 2055.
- The World Bank has recently forecast that 50,000 more children in Sub-Saharan African countries may have died this year because of the financial crisis
- Research shows that estimates that low-income countries are facing a financing gap of $32 billion as a result of the crisis
- The International Monetary Fund estimates that Foreign Direct Investment will fall by 25% in 2010 because of weak GDP growth in advanced economies and overall weak conditions in the global economy.
- In 2009 the total number of hungry people worldwide was projected to reach a historic high of 1,020 million.
- In 2009 Canada spent $4 billion on aid
- Sweden spent four times more on aid per person that Canada
- The UK spends 50% more per person on aid than Canada
- Canada is 15th in a line up of OECD DAC country donors on providing aid as a percentage of GNI
- Aid is down almost 10% in 2009 from 2008
- Canada spends almost four times on military per capita than what it spends on aid
- In 2009, Canada only spent double on aid, what it spent on bottled water
OTHER AFFILIATE STATS
- Belgium’s aid has increased this year to 0.55% from 0.48% in 2008.
- However, Belgium spent $402 USD per person on military compared with $242 on aid
- Belgium has pledged to hit the target of providing 0.7% of GNI in aid, next year, in 2010
- France has increased its aid from 0.39% in 2008 to 0.46 in 2009, going up from $10.9 to $12.4 billion
- In 2009 France spent $200 on aid per person. In 2008 the Government spent more than four times that ($845) per person on military expenditure
- Germany spent $11,982 billion on aid in 2009. By contrast Germans spent 14.6bn Euros on premium larger in 2009
- In 2009 German aid fell by 12%, from 0.38 in 2008 to 0.35% in 2009
- Germany spent on military over 3 times what it spent on aid in 2009
- On current trends Germany won’t meet 0.7% until 2027
- Ireland saw a huge drop of 18.9% in its aid levels from 2008, from $1.3 billion in 2008 down to $1billion in 2009
- Ireland’s military spending per person remains just $40 dollars above its per person spend on aid
- Italian aid fell by 31% from 0.22 in 2008 to 0.16% in 2009, and is now only $3.3 billion
- Italians spent 13.2bn Euros on wine in 2009, almost 10 billion more than they spent on aid
- Italian military spend per person is around ten times what it spends on aid
- Italy came almost bottom of the list of DAC donors, giving 0.16% of its GNI in aid this year, just above Korea, the newest DAC donor and beneficiary of aid itself in previous decades
- On tied aid: in 2007, the Italian government sent 80 tonnes worth of Parmesan cheese worth 700,000 euros to Armenia and Georgia
- Aid from the Netherlands rose slightly as a percentage of the economy from 0.80% to 0.82%, but actual spend fell by nearly $600 million.
- The Netherlands spent nearly $10 billion on military spending in 2008 or $600 USD per person. This compares with $391 spending on aid per person in 2009
- Spain rose from 0.45% to 0.46% as a percentage of GNI but it’s actual spend fell by 1.2%, a disappointing record for the member state holding the Presidency of the European Union, which meant that in 2009 it spent over $200 million less than 2008.
- Spain spent over twice as much on military spending per person as it did on aid
- In total Spain spent $6.5 billion on aid in 2009. By contrast, Spain spent 1.4bn Euros on ice cream in 2009
- The UK remains on target for its aid commitments, reporting a jump from 0.43% in 2008 to 0.52% in 2009
- In 2009 the UK provided $11.5 billion in aid
- However, the UK still spends around five times on military per person what it spends on aid
- Aid from Australia also fell by 1.4% respectively
- Australia spent 2.6bn $AUS on domestic premium larger in 2009
- Australia spent around 7 times the amount of money on military per person as it spent on aid
- Japanese aid fell by 10.2% from 0.19 in 2008 to 0.18% in 2009 and is now just under $9.5 billion
- By contrast, in 2009, Japan spent 408bn Yen on dog and cat food in 2009
- Japan spends around a quarter on aid per person of what it spends on the military
- Aid from New Zealand fell by 3.2%.
- Consumer spending on wine in New Zealand in 2009 was 1.8bn $NZ
- New Zealand spends over four times as much on military per person as it does on aid
- US aid registered a small increase from 0.19% to 0.20%
- In total, the US spent $28.6 billion on aid in 2009
- On current trajectories the US will not meet 0.7% until 2055, eighty-five years after the commitment was made