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21st Century Aid: Stats and Report

by Luna Allison | June 8, 2010

21st century aid: Recognising success and tackling failure

Progress on the MDGs

  • There are 33 million more children in the classroom, partly as a result of increased resources to developing country governments over the past decade from aid and debt relief.
  • There has been a ten-fold increase in the coverage of antiretroviral treatment (ART) for HIV and AIDS over a five-year time span.
  • In Zambia, there are more than 60 times more people on lifesaving ART.
  • As recently as 2007, nine million children under the age of five died from largely preventable diseases.
  • On current projections, MDG 4, which aims to reduce deaths of children under the age of five by two-thirds, will not be met until 2045.•    Every year, 350,000 women and girls die as a result of complications due to child bearing – the vast majority of them in developing countries.
  • In 2009 donors provided only a fraction more in aid (0.7%) keeping them way off track on their commitments
  • 2009 saw aid levels falling from over half of the rich country OECD DAC members (Australia, Austria, Canada, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Japan, NL, NZ, Portugal, Spain)
  • The shortfall of aid that has not been provided since 1970, when governments first committed to the 0.7 per cent figure, now amounts to over $3 trillion.
  • In 2008, the only countries to reach or exceed the UN target were Denmark, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway, and Sweden.
  • If governments had provided what they committed to in 1970, extreme poverty (at 2005 levels) could now have been ended 22 times over.
  • On current trends, donors will not hit 0.7 per cent until 2050.
  • Without vast increases in the aid being provided currently, Germany will not reach 0.7 per cent before 2027, and the USA until around 2055.
  • The World Bank has recently forecast that 50,000 more children in Sub-Saharan African countries may have died this year because of the financial crisis
  • Research shows that estimates that low-income countries are facing a financing gap of $32 billion as a result of the crisis
  • The International Monetary Fund estimates that Foreign Direct Investment will fall by 25% in 2010 because of weak GDP growth in advanced economies and overall weak conditions in the global economy.
  • In 2009 the total number of hungry people worldwide was projected to reach a historic high of 1,020 million.

Canada stats

  • In 2009 Canada spent $4 billion on aid
  • Sweden spent four times more on aid per person that Canada
  • The UK spends 50% more per person on aid than Canada
  • Canada is 15th in a line up of OECD DAC country donors on providing aid as a percentage of GNI
  • Aid is down almost 10% in 2009 from 2008
  • Canada spends almost four times on military per capita than what it spends on aid
  • In 2009, Canada only spent double on aid, what it spent on bottled water


  • Belgium’s aid has increased this year to 0.55% from 0.48% in 2008.
  • However, Belgium spent $402 USD per person on military compared with $242 on aid
  • Belgium has pledged to hit the target of providing 0.7% of GNI in aid, next year, in 2010


  • France has increased its aid from 0.39% in 2008 to 0.46 in 2009, going up from $10.9 to $12.4 billion
  • In 2009 France spent $200 on aid per person. In 2008 the Government spent more than four times that ($845) per person on military expenditure


  • Germany spent $11,982 billion on aid in 2009. By contrast Germans spent 14.6bn Euros on premium larger in 2009
  • In 2009 German aid fell by 12%, from 0.38 in 2008 to 0.35% in 2009
  • Germany spent on military over 3 times what it spent on aid in 2009
  • On current trends Germany won’t meet 0.7% until 2027


  • Ireland saw a huge drop of 18.9% in its aid levels from 2008, from $1.3 billion in 2008 down to $1billion in 2009
  • Ireland’s military spending per person remains just $40 dollars above its per person spend on aid


  • Italian aid fell by 31% from 0.22 in 2008 to 0.16% in 2009, and is now only $3.3 billion
  • Italians spent 13.2bn Euros on wine in 2009,  almost 10 billion more than they spent on aid
  • Italian military spend per person is around ten times what it spends on aid
  • Italy came almost bottom of the list of DAC donors, giving 0.16% of its GNI in aid this year, just above Korea, the newest DAC donor and beneficiary of aid itself in previous decades
  • On tied aid: in 2007, the Italian government sent 80 tonnes worth of Parmesan cheese worth 700,000 euros to Armenia and Georgia


  • Aid from the Netherlands rose slightly as a percentage of the economy from 0.80% to 0.82%, but actual spend fell by nearly $600 million.
  • The Netherlands spent nearly $10 billion on military spending in 2008 or $600 USD per person. This compares with $391 spending on aid per person in 2009


  • Spain rose from 0.45% to 0.46% as a percentage of GNI but it’s actual spend fell by 1.2%, a disappointing record for the member state holding the Presidency of the European Union, which meant that in 2009 it spent over $200 million less than 2008.
  • Spain spent over twice as much on military spending per person as it did on aid
  • In total Spain spent $6.5 billion on aid in 2009. By contrast, Spain spent 1.4bn Euros on ice cream in 2009


  • The UK remains on target for its aid commitments, reporting a jump from 0.43% in 2008 to 0.52% in 2009
  • In 2009 the UK provided $11.5 billion in aid
  • However, the UK still spends around five times on military per person what it spends on aid


  • Aid from Australia also fell by 1.4% respectively
  • Australia spent 2.6bn $AUS on domestic premium larger in 2009
  • Australia spent around 7 times the amount of money on military per person as it spent on aid


  • Japanese aid fell by 10.2% from 0.19 in 2008 to 0.18% in 2009 and is now just under $9.5 billion
  • By contrast, in 2009, Japan spent 408bn Yen on dog and cat food in 2009
  • Japan spends around a quarter on aid per person of what it spends on the military

New Zealand

  • Aid from New Zealand fell by 3.2%.
  • Consumer spending on wine in New Zealand in 2009 was 1.8bn $NZ
  • New Zealand spends over four times as much on military per person as it does on aid


  • US aid registered a small increase from 0.19% to 0.20%
  • In total, the US spent $28.6 billion on aid in 2009
  • On current trajectories the US will not meet 0.7% until 2055, eighty-five years after the commitment was made

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