Tuvalu’s stance is being supported by sub-Saharan Africa and the small island states, who have made passionate and powerful statements about the catastrophic impact of climate change on their people. For many vulnerable countries, strong action on climate change is essential if they are to survive as cultures and countries.
‘Tuvalu has taken a strong stand to put the focus back on their bottom line there must be a strong and legally binding outcome from Copenhagen, said Oxfam spokesperson Barry Coates. ‘Nothing else will deliver the strong commitments to urgent action that are needed to avoid catastrophe, especially to the most vulnerable countries and people.”
Tuvalu’s call for a discussion on their proposal for a legally binding agreement was opposed by some big developing countries who were concerned that it would be used by rich countries to evade their commitments under the existing Kyoto Protocol.
Meanwhile, the UN published a preview of the climate deal in Copenhagen yesterday. The proposals do not include long term climate finance package to help developing countries tackle climate change and do not guarantee climate action.
The two documents which cover the two separate tracks of negotiations the Kyoto Protocol track which does not include the US and the LCA track which does reflects two years of official negotiations. Unless negotiators can improve on it within the two working days remaining available, this will be what Ministers and Heads of State will be looking at when they arrive in Copenhagen starting tomorrow.
“There is a huge gaping hole in these proposals where the long term finance package needs to be, said Oxfam International Senior Climate Advisor Antonio Hill. ‘Large-scale, regular payments to developing countries is the glue that will hold together a successful deal not an optional extra. Climate cash is critical for real deal, it will enable real action in poor countries, and it requires real action from rich countries now.
Meanwhile, French presidentNicolas Sarkozy declared that money to help developing countries cope with global warming must be over and above commitments already made for development aid.
Oxfam welcomed the news, and called on the French president to press EU leaders, currently meeting in Brussels, to make the same commitment to poor countries. While Canada has said it will honour commitments to help finance climate adaptation, the federal government has not agreed to finding new sources of money outside the aid budget.